Geography enables children to make sense of their surroundings and the wider world by learning about the natural and human elements of local and wider environments. Through learning about their environments, children develop a range of geographical skills and concepts. Geography encourages children to appreciate the interdependence of individuals, groups and communities. It promotes an understanding of, and respect for different cultures and how different people live their lives. The Geography Curriculum also fosters children’s sense of individual and community responsibility for caring for the environment
Geography is for all children in the primary school from junior infants to sixth class. The curriculum is presented in two sections: a skills and concepts section and a content section.
Skills and concepts
The Geography Curriculum outlines the skills and concepts which children should develop including:
- A sense of place and space
- Maps, globes and graphical skills
- Geographical investigation skills.
The Geography Curriculum includes a number of strands:
- Human environments
- Natural environments
- Environmental awareness and care.
These strands outline the content to be included in the Geography Curriculum at each of the four class levels. Each strand is subdivided into strand units. These units focus on particular themes within the strand.